What Is It?
Dermatitis is a skin inflammation. Eczema is the most common type of dermatitis.
Eczema first appears as an episode of itching and redness of the skin. You also may have tiny bumps or blisters.
When eczema develops into a long-term condition, it is called chronic eczema. This leads to:
There are many types of eczema. The type depends on the cause, shape and location of the rash.
Most eczemas are related to allergies or to contact with irritating substances. Some are associated with fluid retention in the legs.
Following are types of eczema:
Atopic eczema appears early in life, usually by 18 months. In babies, atopic eczema primarily affects the:
Atopic eczema in older children, teenagers and adults usually involves the:
The second type of contact dermatitis is allergic contact dermatitis. This is an allergic reaction in the skin. This type occurs in people who have an allergy to a specific substance. The most common allergens are poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac.
Other substances that can trigger skin allergies include:
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